Content

Legends and stories of Dolni Lukavice
 

Succesful painter - Kornelia Célina Veverkova (born. Gregrova)

Kornelia Célina was born on 15th December in 1891 in Prague as a daughter of an lawyer and and owner of newspapers "Narodni Listy" Julius Gregr. In 1915 she got married to Ferdinand Veverka in Prague. Her husband was a famous ambassador at his time. They bought a castle, brewery and some forests in Dolni Lukavice in 1938. According to their granddaughter Victoria Veverkova - Duphenieux, her grandmother was fascinated by landscape there and she loved painting there. Kornelia Celina Veverkova became famous especially in the USA and France. In one painting we can see, how she painted two American Indians (taken from a newspaper article in English)

Eva Klepsova

Sametova Fletna - Smucler srt42 paní Veverková
 

Legend of st. Vojtěch
This legend says that Adam Lukavský went with his son Václav to visit his sister Dobroslava, who was an abbess in monastery of Chotěšov. They were returning late at night, so they decided to take a shorter way through wood and they were attacked by some robbers. They were fighting but the fight was not succesful. Václav´s head was cleaved in half and it was not possible to help him. He died. The robbers escaped. Adam was very sad, because Václav was the only man descendant in the family. Later, they found out that Strachboj Nebílovský from Drahobuz  (their enemy) was killed in a fight.  Strachboj had a reputation as a very cruel and strong man. He got married to Jitka Lukavská and he wore her to death.Adam Lukavský decided to build a statue on the place, where his son was killed. It was a statue of st. Vojtěch (we find it near the road from Horni Lukavice do Přeštice).
 
Author: Václav Jan Mašek (1795 – 1847)
 
The headless soldier
Near a granary in Dolní Lukavice is situated a cross. There is a legend about this cross. In old times there used to be a deep pool in this place. One day  an army was going through this place. Riders were jumping on their horses this pool. One horse was not good at it, it stumbled and the horse with it´s ridder fell into the pool. It is said that since this time a headless soldier on a horse started to appear in this place and he was repeating the fatal jump. Because people were very worried, they decided to build a cross there.
 
Author:Fratišek Bastl, teacher of Dolní Lukavice.
 
The chapelle (small chapel)
We can find a wall niche in one of the houses in Dolni Lukavice which is situated near the pheasantery. There used to live a bricklayer and this house had a nick name – „Honzka“. One day this man saw a white deer, very unusual and rare to see, so he immediately followed it. He got to a place where was a vision of Virgin Mary, who said to him: „Build a chapelle! If you don´t do it, you will have bad luck!“ The bricklayer did what she wanted and this chapelle is still found in the castle park in this time.
 
Author:Fratišek Bastl, teacher of Dolní Lukavice.
 
Story of a cross
When you go from Dolní Lukavice in direction to Dnešice, you find a cross there (it´s after reconstruction now, year 2010). There is a legend about this place. Many years ago a woman died in Prague´s hospital. There wasn´t any train or bus in this time so her relatives had to put her body into a carriage and go from Prague to bury her here. In this place a rector was waiting to help them with sprinkling the corpse by holly water. The descendants of dead woman build a cross there.
 
Author: Fratišek Bastl, teacher of Dolní Lukavice.
 
Devil´s chapel
The legend says, that in the furthest part of the castle park used to be a special vaulting very similar to a restrained gate. It used to be so-called Devil´s chapel. According to this legend it was a very gloomy place. Nettles and other weed were growing there.  Our story belongs to times many years ago, when counts of Schönborn were owners of all manor of Dolní Lukavice. Countess of Schönborn was very excited at this place. She decided to put a statue of Virgin Mary. This countess looked after this chapel very carefully, every day there were fresh flowers etc. She loved this part of castle park so much, that she was hurrying to pray there every evening (especially in May, because she admired Marian cult). When she was praying there one calm May evening, she heard something strange in some bushes not far from her. It was dusk and twillight was falling down. Suddenly a pale face with sparkling eyes appeared in front of her. The countess was very frightened and she noticed a figure in black clothes. She started to shout: „Devil, devil!“ and she was running quickly back to the castle. It was a terrible shock for her and she was telling this story nearly to all people in the castle.  Since this time she didn´t visit this place any more, because she beleived it was a devil there and the chapel was desecrated forever. The statue of Virgin Mary was moved to near pheasantry and people in the castle said that the countess was frightened probably by one of some footmen, because they wore black clothes in this time.
 
Author: Božena Veselá
 
Stories about Franz Joseph Haydn in Dolní Lukavice
There are many stories about Austrian composer Joseph Haydn in Dolní Lukavice. In one story he fell of the horse and he didn´t want to try it again. Next story is about love between Haydn and a simple girl from the village. Truth is, that he was meeting some simple people from the village and in some his symphonies we can hear some folk melodies. Morzin´s family loved music and Haydn was teaching countess Morzin to sing. It´s said that one day Haydn was playing the piano and the countess was singing. She inclined and a scarf from her low nekline fell. Puzzled Haydn stopped to play the piano.
 
Author: unknown
 
Good Schönborns
Story so-called „Good Schönborns“ tells about a good relationship of Schönborns to simple people in the village. This family spent only summers there and they went for winters to their palace in Prague or to Wien in Austria, where they came from. Schönborns helped simple people e.g. when a cow died – the only source of living. They gave them theirs. When Schönborns arrived at the beginning of summer to Dolní Lukavice, there was music and many people were waiting for them. Autumn was good for their hunt with their friends. As simple people said, they were foreigners but with Czech mind. All members of Schönborn family could speak Czech and all their employees were Czech.
 
Author: Karel Schwarz
 
Gardener and a poodle
One day countess of Schönborn brought from Prague a very nice poodle, cut like a lion. She bought this poodle in some circus and the dog was very expensive. The poodle could do anything even somersaults. It loved company of people and it was fun with it. Because the castle kitchen was full of delicious food every day, the poodle was fed by this and became fat very soon. Some servants gave it even some lumps of sugar!  Castle gardener loved dogs and hunting. One day the countess came to him to ask for help. She asked him to look after her poodle during winter when she out. She said: „I´ll give it to them Mr. Klotz, because you like animals and you are warm-hearted. I´ll give you a florin for food for it every day…“ promised the countess. The gardener was very surprised because one florin was a lot of money even for a man for food. He agreed and started to go to the pub for this money. He prepared a kennel for the poodle and put it to a chain. He fed it by some leftovers only. It wasn´t a perfect food for a castle poodle of course, first the poodle did not want to eat this, but later he was hungry and he started to eat it. The dog lost it´s weight, became more lively and nimble.  In spring the countess arrived and she could not recognize it. This situation was repeated again and again and all were satisfied.
 
Author: Karel Schwarz
 

Brandl´s painting of St. Hieronymus in the chapel of Dolní Lukavice

 
The name of Petr Brandl is known as a synonym of great artist and he belongs to one of the most famous painters in the world. He atracts us with his „wild“ personal life, his art self-confidence and very close connection of work and personal life. In 18th century his name has the same value as Tizian in Venice, Dürer in Germany, Rembrandt in the Netherlands etc.

In 1708 Peter Brandl was invited to Czech castle Chyše. (www.zamek-chyse.cz) by the count of Karel Jiri Michna from Vacinov. He was painting there for three weeks and he got 900 of florints for this work, but unfortunately he spent all this money with the count for drinking alcohol. He got over 3 000 florints a year.

Painting of st. Hieronymus by Peter Brandl, 18th century BohemiaAfter a year he came back to Prague. He started to paint some paintings of saints: st. Peter, st. Jan Evangelista, st. Matous, st. Lucas, st. Mark, st. Augustin, sv. Georgius, st. Ambroz and st. Hieronymus, which became soon so famous and worth that many counts wanted it in their chapels or churches. In this time counts of Morzins were building a new castle in baroque style and they wanted to have some nice painting in their chapel. They could afford some really good painting, because they were very rich. They ordered a perfect ceiling painting by Julius Lux who was only 25 year-old in this time (1727) and he made an illusionary ceiling painting for them. Morzins desired to have painting of st. Hieronymus by Brandl but it was not easy to get because it was in palace of archbishop in Prague. It was nearly impossible to get it. They wanted to invite Brandl to Dolni Lukavice, but he could not come, because he was very busy in this time – he was in Kuks (castle) working for count Špork. The counts of Morzins decided to have a copy of this masterpiece. In 1730 they got it and put to one of the walls in the chapel. We found out that this painting was there 189 years, because in 1919 the copy was sold for 9 000 Czech crowns. Why was this painting sold we haven´t found.

Note: St. Hieronymus lived 347 – 420 AD and he was a very important Christian writer and he translated Bible into Latin. He was buried in Rome and he ´s celebrated on 30th September.

This article was published in magasine „Pod Zelenou Horou“ in 2010.
Author: Eva Klepsova
 

Bald cypress in castle park in Dolni Lukavice
protected tree since 2010

TisovecBald cypress is a long-lived, deciduous wetland species that grows along rivers, streams, and creeks as well as in swamps with slow moving water. It can live up to 600 years old. It is a legendary tree of the Deep South known for its "knees," moss-draped crown, and buttressed trunk. It occurs in the coastal plains along the Gulf and the Atlantic Ocean and north up through the Mississippi River Valley.

Because of the unique shape of the base of each trunk, artists have created clocks, Taxodiumfurniture, and wall décor from the cross-sections of this tree. In the landscaping industry, baldcypress is planted for its ornamental beauty. Old-growth heartwood is especially desired in the timber industry for its durability and resistance to rot. However, lumber use has declined because it is a slow-growing tree, it is harvested from wetlands, and the population of mature trees is much smaller than in the past.

Bald cypress is not a typical feature of Czech parks, it was first planted in 1845 in Taxodium distichumSychrov. It´s located in castle park in Dolni Lukavice near the castle lake. We estimate that this tree is 170 years old. From historical messages we know that it was brought to Dolni Lukavice by count family Schönborn from one of their travels of the world. They were very proud of it.

The bald cypress´ circuit (measure) of the stem was 360 cm in 1998, 392 cm in 2002. The crown was 6 m wide and it was 28 m high. At the beginning of the 1970s the measure was „only“ 17 metres. In January 2010 this tree was proclaimed as the protecte and biggest tree of this kind gowing in the Czech Republic.

GPS: Loc: 49°35'59.585"N, 13°20'47.795"E

Eva Klepsova

 Translated by: Eva Klepsová, 2010

 

Painter Vaclav Cerny

From a shoemaker to a painter
Vaclav Cerny was born on 1st July 1865 in Tyniste in house no. 16.  His father Josef was a tailor and his mother was a daughter of a brick layer of Horsice. He studied to be a shomaker and was sent to Wienna by his father. He met there some artists who forcded him to study art in art academy. After very difficult beginnings Vaclav graduated with a degree of painting of Wienna academy of painting.

Portraits, landscapes, still-lives
In 1887 he came to Pilsen, where he started to paint some portraits and in 1900 he participated a big exhibition in Prague, where he sold two of his paintings. After his moving to Dolni Lukavice he started to paint still-lives there and especially landscapes of Dolni Lukavice and surroundings. He also helped to church in Dolni Lukavice, he repaired all standards very professionally, cleaned all altar paintings and a the way of the Cross. On of his paintings found in Narodopisne muzeum in Pilsen – it´s called st. Vojtěch, 65 x 95 cm in golden frame. We can see a bishop on his knees blessing Czech country

Černý VáclavČerný VáclavČerný Václav


His private life
In 1901 he got married to Jindriska Sohajova in church of St. Prokop in Letiny. In 1903 a daughter Bozena was born, one year later second daughter Marie Jindriska was born, but unfortunately both girls died very soon after birth. Maybe this was the reason of moving from Letiny to Dolni Lukavice. They moved there in 1904 and lived in a house no. 105, they paid a rent to count Schönborn. In 1908 they bought this house for 5000 CZK. They had a post office here, Jindriska worked there as a post clerk and Vaclav painted and also helped her with this work. Jindriska used to be very ill.

Painter up to his last days
Vaclav Cerny loved painting and he painted up to his death in 1950. He´s buried in the cemetary of Dolni Lukavice.

Eva Klepsova

 

Column of the crucification in Dolní Lukavice 1741 - 2011

Column of the crucification is a smaller, simple monument – it´s of a shape of a pillar. They are in some places covered by a small roof. They symbolize a column, where Jesus Christ was lashed. They usually are on crossroads or hills and came to existence in 14th century. The biggest number of these small monuments we find in the time of baroque. From this time is column of the crucification in Dolni Lukavice. We find it in front of church in Dolni Lukavice.

It ´ s a very valuable monument. K. Hostaš and F. Vaněk wrote in their book „Soupis pamatek historickych a uměleckých v Královstvím Českém“ in 1907 noticed: „In a village square is found a Ioanian column on wide renassaince footstall, there is a small chapel with a statue of lashed Jesus Christ“ On south-eastern side of this column is a sign : LETA PANE | 1741 × NAKLA | DEM ADAMA | HAWRANKA | KE CTI ACH | WALE BO | ZI POSTA | WENO GEST (saying about Mr. Adam Havranek who paid for building of this column in 1741) The Havranek´s family were a very good farmers and were one of the villagers who had the biggest amount of fields in surroundings. The farm of Mr. Havranek still exists, we can find it, it has a number 34 – near the pub (hostinec „U Bile ruze“).

It´s interesting that the Column of the crucification used to be in a different place in Dolni Lukavice, because in this place in front of the church used to be a church cemetery, which had to be removed in 17th century when there was a plaque epidemy and there was no place for burying. New cemetary was built behind Dolni Lukavice in direction to Lišice.

Ionian column „celebrates“ 270 years in this year. In May 2009 was reconstructed thanks to grants from MAS for renewing of rural architecture. In the same year, Municipality of Dolni Lukavice installed the lights and benches. Now we can find a very nice place for relaxing there. Since 2010 the church has been illuminated every day.

 

Mgr. Eva Klepsová

Column of the crucificationColumn of the crucification
 

Heart of Maria Frantiska Rajska from Dubnice
is placed in the church of Dolni Lukavice

znak
Marie Františka Rajská from Dubnice was born in old Czech family called „Rajsky z Dubnice“ sometimes written „Reisky from Dubnitz“. In their emblem was a wolf and a greyhound in a jump in right blue and left silver field. Vincent Rajsky was in the first half of 16th century a citizen of the city of Pilsen and he got a licence that he can use the predicate from Dubnice. This predicate was chosen according to their seat – a ruined castle Dubnice near Pilsen. Maria Frantiska (Marie Vilemina) got married in 1745 to Karel Josef Morzin (* 1717) who inherited the manor of Dolni Lukavice after his father´s of his father (Ferdinand from Morzin) death. Maria Frantiska and Karel Josef Morzin had 13 children (only 9 lived adulhood). All of them had very interesting jobs and were of high ranks:

1. Rudolf Ferdinand Desider (* 1752), a counsellor of municipal court
2. Ferdinand (*1753) served in Bathyany´s regiment
3. František Václav (* 1754) – in military service
4. Karel (* 1754) – in military service, a member of Malteze knights
5. Pavel Prokop – an inspector of region of Rakovník
6. Jan (* 1760) – a lieutenant-Colonel fighting in French wars
7. Josef (* 1763) – a master of weights
8. Vincent (* 1769) – a colonel
9. Petr Prokop (* 1770), a secret counsellor

Karel Josef Morzin loved art and music very much, so he decided to invite Haydn (Austrian composer) to Dolni Lukavice. His wife Marie Frantiska from Dubnice loved singing and one day when she was singing she looked to the notes and her scarf from her neckline fell out of her neckline and Haydn was so embarassed that he stopped playing.
When the countess died, her heart was put into a special box and then to a tomb of church in Dolni Lukavice. There are two hearts - hers and a heart of Ferdinand Maxmilián Morzin.